2023 Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS) rates

Updated: July 1, 2022

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    The 2023 basic allowance for subsistence (BAS) rates may increase 3.2% from 2022’s rates for U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Space Force personnel, according to the draft 2023 defense budget

    If the proposed 3.2% BAS increase passes, enlisted members will receive $420 per month (a $13.02 increase), and officers will receive $289.26 per month (an $8.96 increase) in 2023.

    Final 2023 BAS rates will take effect Jan. 1, 2023.


    About Basic Allowance for Subsistence (BAS)

    New service members are eligible for BAS once they complete their initial entry training.  BAS helps airmen, soldiers, Marines, sailors and guardians offset costs for groceries and food-related expenses.

    BAS does not directly compensate service providers. BAS recipients pay for all meals, including those that are government-provided, from they military pay. BAS supplements the military member’s food budget but does not fully offset such costs. However, some assignments may include additional consideration because of higher costs. In such cases, a cost-of-living allowance (COLA) may complement BAS.

    Special allowances like BAS and BAH (Basic Allowance for Housing) are non-taxable income. You can see these allowances on your leave and earnings statement (LES) with other deductions and expenditures.

    BAS Versus BAS II

    Enlisted BAS II is a modified BAS rate for those who have made a permanent change of station (PCS) move to serve an unaccompanied tour and who are assigned to single/unaccompanied quarters. BAS II is paid when there are no adequate food storage or preparation facilities and a military dining facility or its equivalent is unavailable. 

    The BAS II rate is established at double the enlisted BAS rate. It must be authorized by the concerned service branch’s secretary.

    BAS Calculation

    The Department of Agriculture is responsible for evaluating current food costs and updating BAS rates to the appropriate amount in a given zip code based on such costs. The Department of Defense uses similar methodology to set Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) rates. The major difference between the two? Dependents cannot draw BAS; the payment amount is established no matter how many dependents the service member has.

    BAS Restrictions

    Service members can not receive BAS under certain conditions, including but not limited to:

    • While in basic training
    • While in officer training, unless they have continuous prior enlisted service
    • When in an excess leave status
    • When absent without official leave (AWOL) for more than 24 hours, unless the absence is excused as unavoidable
    • While taking educational leave not exceeding two years

    Year Proposed Increase Actual Increase Enlisted Rate Officer Rate BAS II
    2023 3.20% TBD $420 $289.26 $840
    2022 5.30% 5.30% $406.98 $280.29 $813.96
    2021 3.30% 3.70% $386.50 $266.18 $773.00
    2020 2.40% 0.90% $372.71 $256.68 $745.42
    2019 3.40% 0% $369.39 $254.39 $738.78
    2018 3.40% 0.3% $369.39 $254.39 $738.78
    2017 3.40% 0% $368.29 $253.63 $738.78
    2016 3.40% 0.1% $368.29 $253.63 $736.58
    2015 3.40% 2.90% $367.92 $253.38 $735.84
    2014 3.40% 1.48% $357.55 $246.24 $715.10
    2013 3.40% 1.09% $352.27 $242.60 $704.54
    2012 3.40% 7.20% $348.44 $239.96 $696.88

     

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    Written by Brittany Crocker

    Brittany Crocker is Veteran.com’s managing editor and serves as the publication’s veteran review board president. She is a veteran with over 11 years of military service and equal time working in civilian journalism and media. Crocker received both her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of Missouri School of Journalism and was a 2016-2017 White House Press Correspondents Association scholar. During her early journalism career, Crocker worked to expose organized crime, hate groups and deadly regulatory oversights in the childcare, aviation and tourism industries. Her award-winning columns, narrative features and investigations have spanned multiple coverage areas and influenced life-saving policy changes. Now she’s on a mission to serve her fellow veterans and service members digestible, researched and credible finance and benefit information.