Prospective military members, military spouses and civilians in fields that use the 24-hour clock need to know how to use military time. In our complete guide to military time, we cover the basics of military time, how military time zones work and provide complementary charts and downloads to keep for reference.
What is Military Time?
Military time is a timekeeping system based on the 24-hour clock and the primary way of telling time in the U.S. military. Instead of using the 12-hour clock, military time uses a 24-hour clock, which means that the day starts at 00:00 and ends at 23:59. The military, law enforcement, first responders, hospitals and other 24-hour businesses use military time.
The primary benefit of military time is preventing ambiguity and confusion in high-stress environments.
How to Tell Military Time
If you’re going from military time to standard time, take the number of hours and subtract 12. For example, 1300 hours to standard time is 13 – 12, which equals 1, or 1:00 p.m. For 1400, it’s 14 – 12, which equals 2, or 2:00 p.m. Keep in mind this only applies to time after 1200 hours.
If you’re converting standard time to military, it’s the opposite. Add 12 instead of subtract, and you’ll have military time. For example, 4:00 p.m. to military time is 4 + 12, which equals 16, or 1600 hours.
You can also use the chart below or our military time converter here.
Military Time Chart
Military Time Standard Time
00:00 / 24:00 12:00 a.m. / Midnight
01:00 1:00 a.m.
02:00 2:00 a.m.
03:00 3:00 a.m.
04:00 4:00 a.m.
05:00 5:00 a.m.
06:00 6:00 a.m.
07:00 7:00 a.m.
08:00 8:00 a.m.
09:00 9:00 a.m.
10:00 10:00 a.m.
11:00 11:00 a.m.
12:00 12:00 PM / Noon
13:00 1:00 p.m.
14:00 2:00 p.m.
15:00 3:00 p.m.
16:00 4:00 p.m.
17:00 5:00 p.m.
18:00 6:00 p.m.
19:00 7:00 p.m.
20:00 8:00 p.m.
21:00 9:00 p.m.
22:00 10:00 p.m.
23:00 11:00 p.m.
00:00 / 24:00 12:00 a.m. / Midnight
Military time is based on the 24-hour clock beginning at midnight (00:00) and ending at 23:59 hours. Military time eliminates the need for using a.m. and p.m. designations as standard time uses, and numbers 1 to 12 to identify the hours in a day.
For example, 15:00 in military time is 3:00 p.m. in standard time, just like 12 p.m. is 12:00 in military time and 24:00 is midnight.
Military Time FAQs
Here are some common questions we receive about military time with answers.
What is midnight in military time?
Military time displays midnight, or 12 a.m., as 00:00, though it’s spoken as both 00:00 or 24:00.
What is 1500 military time in standard time?
1500 military time to standard time is 3:00 p.m.
What is 0500 military time in standard time?
0500 military time to standard time is 5:00 a.m.
Why use military time?
The military uses this standard to leave less room for confusion than a standard 12-hour clock.
Is the U.S. military the only country that uses military time?
No other militaries and many countries in Europe, Africa and Asia use military time as their primary time format. In some countries, both time formats get used.
How are minutes and seconds counted in military time?
Standard and military time express minutes and seconds in the same format. For example, 20:20 military time is 8:20 p.m. using a 12-hour clock notation. It is 20:20 (spelled out using two-zero-two-zero) using a 24-hour clock notation. Thus, 20:20 military time means that it has been 20 hours and 20 minutes since last midnight.
Does the military observe Daylight Savings Time?
The military observes Daylight Savings Time when it is recognized by the state or country where the time zone is being used.
Military Time Zones
With military operations conducted across the globe, the military clarifies time further by appending the time zone with a letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet.
The way this works is the military divided the world into 24 time zones and assigned a letter of the phonetic alphabet to each time zone.
For example, calling the time in Greenwich, England, would look similar to 15:00Z and spoken as “fifteen hundred Zulu.” The military uses Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and refers to GMT as Zulu (Z). You can view the military time zones and corresponding phonetic terms in the chart below.
Military Time Zones Chart
Zone Letter Zone Name Time Offset Major City
A Alpha GMT + 1 Hour Paris, France
B Bravo GMT + 2 Hours Athens, Greece
C Charlie GMT + 3 Hours Moscow, Russia
D Delta GMT + 4 Hours Kabul, Afghanistan
E Echo GMT + 5 Hours New Delhi, India
F Foxtrot GMT + 6 Hours Dhanka, Bangladesh
G Golf GMT + 7 Hours Bangkok, Thailand
H Hotel GMT + 8 Hours Beijing, China
I India GMT + 9 Hours Tokyo, Japan
J Juliet Local Time Local Time Zone
K Kilo GMT + 10 Hours Sydney, Australia
L Lima GMT + 11 Hours Honiara, Solomon Islands
M Mike GMT + 12 Hours Wellington, New Zealand
N November GMT - 1 Hour Azores
O Oscar GMT - 2 Hours Godthab, Greenland
P Papa GMT - 3 Hours Buenos Aires, Argentina
Q Quebec GMT - 4 Hours Halifax, Nova Scotia
R Romeo GMT - 5 Hours New York, NY United States
S Sierra GMT - 6 Hours Dallas, TX United States
T Tango GMT - 7 Hours Denver, CO United States
U Uniform GMT - 8 Hours Los Angeles, CA United States
V Victor GMT - 9 Hours Juneau, AK United States
W Whiskey GMT - 10 Hours Honolulu, HI United States
X X-Ray GMT - 11 Hours Nome, AK United States
Y Yankee GMT - 12 Hours Suva, Fiji
Z Zulu GMT (Universal Time) Greenwich, England
Other Important Notes About Military Time Zones
- The time zones from the United States are R – X (Romeo, Sierra, Tango, Uniform, Victor, Whiskey, X-Ray).
- The 12 time zones West of the Zulu time zone (Greenwich Mean Time), starting from Zulu and ending at the International Date Line in the Pacific Ocean, are November through Yankee.
- The 12 time zones East of the Zulu time zone (GMT), starting from Zulu and ending at the International Date Line in the Pacific Ocean, are Alpha through Mike.
- Mike and Yankee zones are the same time but a day apart, on either side of the International Date Line.
Civilian to Military Time Minutes Chart
|Civilian Time Minute||Military Time Minutes||Civilian Time Minute||Military Time Minutes|
- Military minutes are not the same as civilian minutes.
- Civilian minutes go from 0-to 60.
- Military minutes are based on hundredths (100’s).
- 60 minutes must be converted to 100ths.
- Divide the number of minutes by 60 (minutes) or number of civilian minutes/60. For example:
- 1 minute standard time = .01667 or rounded up, .02 military minutes
- 30 minutes = .50
- 45 minutes = .75
- 60 minutes = 1
- Converting civilian minutes to military time is most commonly needed when calculating payroll.
|Military Phonetic Alphabet||Military Time Calculator|
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